I (Alison Alkon) began this inventory by reading the few, well-known studies of Central Valley environmental justice campaigns. Beyond these few, it became necessary to define environmental justice so that I could find relevant work even if it was not written under an EJ framework. To that end, my colleagues at the EJP and I created these criteria:
I searched for books and articles that would fit these criteria a number of databases. I found the majority of research in JSTOR, but some work came from Sociological Abstracts, Environmental Sciences and Pollution Management, Ethnic Newswatch, Gender Watch, and PAIS. While I attempted to be as interdisciplinary as possible, this search reflects my own training as a sociologist.
I searched these databases for many different keywords. I began searching each database with the terms environmental justice and Central Valley. I also searched for environmental justice and California, and then culled by hand the articles specific to other parts of the state.
Following those searches, I then replaced the phrase environmental justice with specific concerns. These included pesticide, water, toxi*, agriculture, dairy, air pollution, asthma, energy, and fish. I then wrote the summaries of each book or article that appear in this bibliography.
Because much of the best environmental justice research is done by non-academic researchers, I also looked for relevant work on the web pages of non-profit organizations, foundations, and government agencies. I found these organizations through a list compiled by Jonathan London of the Community and University Research and Action Alliance for Justice. From the organizations Jonathan listed, I also followed links to other relevant organizations. In looking through the references these organizations listed, I summarized only those works that were original research, rather than reports of projects. This research inventory as a whole is suggestive, rather than exhaustive. This is particularly true of agency, organization and foundation research which is not compiled into electronic databases.